The Challenge of Achieving Excellence in Football Refereeing

Football is a physically and mentally demanding sport that requires high levels of competition, technical and tactical skills and endurance. It also requires highly trained referees to ensure that the game is officiated in accordance with the rules of the game. However, there have been numerous reports of referees making incorrect decisions during matches. These errors may result in the wrong disciplinary actions being taken, which can disrupt the flow of the match and cause frustration among players, coaches, fans, and the media.Resource : เข้าสู่ระบบและเริ่มเล่นที่

To improve the quality of football refereeing, many studies have attempted to enhance the decision-making process. However, a majority of these studies have focused on declarative “rulebook” knowledge, ignoring procedural knowledge, which refers to how the rules should be applied during a match. This is likely because referees do not have much practice to develop their procedural knowledge during training sessions.

Whistle Worthy: The Challenge of Achieving Excellence in Football Refereeing

For example, a study by Andersen, Engebretsen, and Bahr (2004) asked three FIFA referees to retrospectively evaluate 406 incidents on video. They found that the referees’ decisions were in general consistent with their on-field decision-making and that the referees were using the proper criteria to determine if a tackle was dangerous. Nevertheless, these results indicate that there is still room for improvement in a referee’s ability to assess whether a tackle is dangerous or not.

Fortunately, visionary and demanding leaders have helped transform NFL officiating from the humble beginnings to the highly-trained, rigorously evaluated, and technologically savvy stewards we know today. One of these leaders was Ray McNally, a Highland Park, Ill. native who started his officiating career working high school games in Chicago. Recognizing the need for change, McNally began a project that ultimately shifted officiating in the NFL and beyond. His vision was to create a command center that would enable him to review all the game films of every officiating crew and assign each of them a grade. His idea was to create a system of accountability that included the referee, an NFL observer (watching from the stadium press box) and each team’s coach.

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